Basics of Zoology


Biology includes broadly three branches and one of this is Zoology. This deals with the study of animals and Aristotle is called the father of Zoology. If you are interested in this branch of Biology, then you must start with the basics of Zoology.

So, take a look at what it is and some of its major branches.

What is Zoology?

Zoology is not just confined to the study of animals but how to classify the animals, what is their history, things that deal with their anatomy, physiology, their development, etc. In a nutshell, one can say that zoology is a branch of biology that deals with everything related to animals just like botany deals with everything related to plants.

What are the branches of Zoology?

Zoology is very complex and so it has many branches. Some of the popular ones are:

Taxonomy – The term is coined by two words taxis and nomos meaning arrangement and law, respectively. This is a branch of Zoology that deals with the science of identification of organisms in addition to their nomenclature and classification.

Bonus Tips: Classification – It is the arrangement by which the organisms are included in a group on the basis of their affinities.

Identification – It means finding the correct place where an organism can be placed in a system of classification.  

Nomenclature – Nomenclature is made from “nomen” which means name and “clature” which means call. That is why it is the science that helps in providing a distinct name to an organism.

Entomology – When you study the basics of Zoology then you come across the term entomology. This is fundamentally a study of insects.

Ichthyology – This is the study of fish and a person who completes his education in this branch of Zoology then he or she is known as an ichthyologist.

Ornithology – If you are fond of birds and are willing to learn more about them then Ornithology is your branch of Zoology. Here you study about the birds.

Herpetology – Another branch of Zoology is Herpetology which deals with the study of reptiles and amphibians.

Bonus Tips: Reptiles – Reptiles are tetrapod vertebrate animals that come in the class Reptilia, and consist of turtles, snakes, lizards, crocodiles, etc.

Amphibians – Amphibians are cold-blooded or ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrate animals of the class Amphibia.

Zoology is an interesting subject and has so much to offer you. If you are interested in animals both living and extinct or you want to know more about their evolution and embryology then you must start with the basics of Zoology. This will give you clarity on the rudimentary of the Zoology so that you can later pursue your education in this field of science.